Acne is a skin condition that consists of pimples, deeper lumps (cysts or nodules), and plugged pores (blackheads and whiteheads), that occur on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders, and even the upper arms. Acne usually begins in puberty, but the condition is not restricted to any age group. Adults in their 20s, 30s, 40s — even into their 50s — can develop acne.
Did you know?
- Acne is the most common skin disorder in the United States
- 85% of all people have acne at some point in their lives, most often on the face, chest, and back
- 40% of adolescents have acne or acne scarring, which requires treatment by a dermatologist
Acne is caused by three major factors:
- Overproduction of oil by enlarged oil glands in the skin.
- Blockage of the hair follicles that release oil.
- Growth of bacteria, called P. acnes, within the hair follicles
Scientific research has led to many new acne therapies and changes in existing treatment options. The good news is the earlier treatment is started, the lower your risk of physical scarring and skin damage.